HomeCriminal Recommendations 2014 Criminal Section Recommendations

2014 Criminal Section Recommendations

UNIFORM LAW CONFERENCE OF CANADA
RESOLUTIONS

CRIMINAL SECTION - AUGUST 2014

ALBERTA
Alberta - 01

Recent appellate authority has questioned the ability of counsel designated pursuant to section 650.01 (Designation of counsel of record) of the Criminal Code to appear by alternate counsel instructed by them for that purpose. The section should be amended so as to clarify that designated counsel may appear by counsel acting on their behalf and with their instruction.

Carried: 18-0-8

Alberta - 02
Subsection 536(2) (Election before justice in certain cases) of the Criminal Code should be amended to expressly provide for a reserved election and to make the necessary consequential changes to the reference to a deemed election contained in that section.

Defeated: 4-14-9

Alberta - 03
Subsection 486.3(4.1) (Application) of the Criminal Code should be amended so as to allow any judge of the Court with jurisdiction over the offence to hear an application under section 486.3 (Accused not to crossexamine witness under 18) of the Criminal Code prohibiting the personal cross-examination of witnesses in specified circumstances.

Carried: 16-0-12

Alberta - 04
Justice Canada should review the infanticide provisions of the Criminal Code (section 233 (Infanticide) and subsection 672.11(c) (Assessment order)) in light of the criticism of these provisions by the Law Reform Commission of Canada, similar Commissions in other countries, and academics. A full range of options from repeal to modernization should be considered.

Carried as amended: 17-5-5

Alberta - 05
That the concluding clause in section 278.1 (Definition of “record”) of the Criminal Code be amended to read: “…but does not include records made by police or prosecutors in relation to the offence being prosecuted.”

Withdrawn

MANITOBA
Manitoba – 01

a) That the Criminal Code be amended to allow the interjurisdictional transfer and enforcement of orders under sections 810, 810.01, 810.1, and 810.2 (sureties to keep the peace).

Carried: 25-0-2

b) That the Criminal Code be amended to provide greater latitude to vary, add or delete conditions of section 810, 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 (sureties to keep the peace) orders as required by a change of circumstances.

Carried: 23-0-5

c) That the Criminal Code be amended to add a residence condition to the optional conditions under sections 810.01, 810.1 and 810.2 (sureties to keep the peace) orders to require an individual to reside at a residence as approved by a supervisor or the court. 

Carried as amended: 19-6-3

Manitoba - 02
That sections 99 (weapons trafficking), 100 (possession for purpose of weapons trafficking) and 101 (transfer without authority) of the Criminal Code be amended to include explosives in the list of items which are capable of being trafficked and possessed for the purpose of trafficking.

Withdrawn following discussion

Manitoba – 03
That Part XXII (Procuring attendance) of the Criminal Code be examined by Justice Canada to provide a mechanism to secure the attendance of a child under 12 years of age in court to provide evidence, other than a subpoena for the child themselves.

Carried as amended: 24-0-2

NEW BRUNSWICK
New Brunswick – 01

Amend paragraph 172.1 (Luring a child) (1) (a) of the Criminal Code to include section 171.1 (Making sexually explicit material available to child).

Withdrawn

New Brunswick - 02
Amend the French version of section 718.01 (Objectives - offences against children) of the Criminal Code to provide for a true translation of the term “abuse”.

Withdrawn following discussion

New Brunswick – 03
Amend section 515 (order of release) of the Criminal Code to codify the powers of a judge or justice on postconviction detention prior to sentencing.

Withdrawn following discussion

ONTARIO
Ontario - 01

Criminal Harassment (s. 264) should be added to the list of offences in s. 486.4(1)(a) of the Criminal Code for which a ban on information that could identify the complainant or a witness will be made on request of the complainant or prosecutor.

Withdrawn following discussion

Ontario - 02
The Criminal Code should be amended to enable the prosecution, in establishing under s. 719(3.1) that the justice detained an accused person in custody primarily because of a previous conviction of the accused, to do so by any appropriate means and without the need for that decision of the justice to have been be made “in writing” in the record.

Carried: 17-1-9

Ontario - 03
Amend the Criminal Code to provide an express mechanism by which errors in the making of DNA orders (sections 487.04 – 487.0911) and orders to comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act (sections 490.012 – 490.029), can be corrected by a judge of the court that made them.

Carried: 24-0-2

Ontario - 04
Section 487.091 (Collection of additional bodily substances) of the Criminal Code should be amended to enable an application to be made for authorization to re-fingerprint an offender in relation to whom a DNA Data Bank order under section 487.051 (Orders) or an authorization under section 487.055 (Offenders serving sentences) has been made where the original fingerprints, taken pursuant to subsection 487.06(3) (fingerprints), are not satisfactory or were lost.

Withdrawn following discussion

Ontario - 05
That the federal government, in consultation with the provinces and territories, study:

a) amending the Criminal Code and the DNA Identification Act to make the sampling of adult offenders convicted of DNA designated offences automatic by operation of law rather than the need for a court order.

b) amending the Criminal Code, the DNA Identification Act and the Youth Criminal Justice Act to consider whether it is necessary to have a separate scheme for the sampling of young persons convicted of DNA designated offences.

Carried as amended: 19-5-2

Ontario – 06
That the definition of “offence” in s.183 of the Criminal Code be amended to include the offence of insider trading (s.382.1). This will allow the authorization of a wiretap for investigations into the commission of insider trading offences.

Carried: 26-0-0

QUEBEC
Quebec - 01

Amend paragraphs 732.1(3)(f) (Optional conditions of probation order) and 742.3(2)(d) (Optional conditions of conditional sentence order) of the Criminal Code in order to allow the court, with the parties’ consent, to extend the period for the performance of hours of community service to the term of the probation order or the conditional sentence order, as the case may be.

Carried: 14-5-5

Quebec - 02
Include in the number of offences giving rise to the reversal of the burden of proof in a release hearing pursuant to subsection 515(6) (Order of detention) of the Criminal Code the human trafficking offences referred to in sections 279.01 (Trafficking in persons) and 279.011 (Trafficking of a person under the age of eighteen years) of the Criminal Code.

Withdrawn

Quebec - 03
That Justice Canada examine the possibility of amending section 163.1 (Definition of “child pornography”) of the Criminal Code in order to replace the term “child pornography” with another term that adequately represents the objective seriousness of the crime and its impact on victims.

Defeated: 7-17-3

Quebec - 04
Harmonize Form 54 of the Criminal Code concerning the Sex Offender Information Registration Act so that the French version refers to “articles 490.02901 à 490.02903” of the Criminal Code in its heading. Furthermore, amend the French version so that it reads: “Sentence imposed” instead of “Convicted” at the end of the form, in the section entitled “For administrative use only”.

Carried as amended: 26-0-0

Quebec - 05
That the Criminal Code be amended to make it mandatory, upon the request of the prosecutor or the accused, to hold a hearing before a preliminary inquiry provided for in section 536.4 (Order for hearing) of the Criminal Code.

Withdrawn

SASKATCHEWAN
Saskatchewan - 01

Amend sections 673 (Appeals - indictable offences - definition) and 785 (Summary convictions – definitions) of the Criminal Code to define “sentence” as including orders made under s. 737 (victim surcharge) of the Criminal Code.

Carried: 19-0-8

Saskatchewan - 02
Amend s. 67 (Election — adult sentence) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act so that all young people facing the possibility of a sentence of 5 years or more must be put to an election by the youth justice court. This may be accomplished by amending paragraphs 67(1)(c) and 67(3)(c) to delete the words “ before the young person has attained the age of fourteen years”.

Carried as amended: 26-0-0

CANADA
Public Prosecution Service of Canada

PPSC – 01

That a working group co-lead by Justice Canada and the Public Prosecution Service of Canada study the development of a legislative framework for the litigation of informer privilege issues that arise in the course of a criminal trial and that the working group report back to the Conference at the 2015 meeting.

Carried as amended: 25-0-0

REPORTS RESOLUTIONS
CRIMINAL SECTION REPORTS AND PRESENTATIONS
Endorsement of Part VI and Part XV Criminal Code Warrants, Orders and Authorizations - Options for Reform
That the Uniform Law Conference of Canada – Criminal Law Section establish a working group to develop options on how to address the endorsement of warrants, authorizations and orders; and that the working group report back to the Conference at the 2015 meeting.

Carried as amended : 26-0-0

Modernization of Notice Provisions Working Group Status Report
That the Uniform Law Conference of Canada – Criminal Law Section suspend the work of the Modernization of Notice Provisions Working Group and that the Public Prosecution Service of Canada is not precluded from bringing this matter forward next year.

Carried: 23-0-3

JOINT REPORTS (with the Civil Law Section)
Missing Persons Act

RESOLVED: THAT the final report of the Working Group be accepted; and
THAT the Uniform Missing Persons Act and commentaries be approved and recommended to the jurisdictions for enactment.

Carried

Enforcement of Extra-Provincial Search Warrants Progress

RESOLVED: THAT the Report of the Working Group be accepted; and
THAT the Working Group:
a) continue its work in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Report and the directions of the Conference; and
b) report back to the Conference at the 2015 meeting.

Carried

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